Southerners wanted slavery to be allowed in the new western lands. Northerners were against allowing slavery there.
These were sad years then the people of the United States faced each other on the battlefield.
There appeared people who demanded to abolish slavery. These people were called abolitionists . A.Lincoln was among them.
Abraham Lincoln is the most famous example of the "American dream"
He was born in 1809 in a small farm in Kentucky. When Abraham was quite young, the family moved to the wild forest land of Indiana. He hardly had any education
In 1830 Abraham left his father's farm and went to Springfield, Illinois. There he became a clerk in a store and worked hard to improve his education. In 1836 he became a lawyer.
He entered politics, too, and in 1834 became a candidate to the Parliament of Illinois. In 1847 he went as a Congressman to the National Assembly
In 1860 Lincoln was elected President ot the USA.
Abraham Lincoln was the candidate of the Republican Party. He was a very popular man. He was a lawyer by education and had attracted the attention of Americans by his bright speeches against slavery. He believed that slavery was wrong.
The election of 1860 showed clearly that the United States was a divided country.
The result of Lincoln's becoming President was the splitting of the nation into two parts.
At his inauguration in March 1861, however, Lincoln did not agree to the division of the United States. He said that it was his constitutional duty as President to keep the nation united.
Lincoln did not want a war. But soon he saw that there was no choice.
A war between people of the same nation
The battle of Gettysburg was the decisive battle of the Civil War.
In 1863 Confederate leaders thought that Union forces would surrender if the South won a battle in the North.
They knew that Lincoln could not find a general who could defeat Robert E. Lee.
The Union army met Lee's forces at Gettysburg on July 1.
The battle was on a hill called Cemetery Ridge
On November 19, 1863, President Lincoln went to Gettysburg to dedicate a cemetery for the fallen soldiers.
In 1864 Lincoln finally found a general who could lead the Union armies to victory. It was Ulysses S. Grant
The simple words of his Gettysburg Address are still remembered. Lincoln said that ''this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom'' and that ''government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth''
In Virginia, on April 5, 1865, Grant captured Richmond. By April 7 the Confederate forces were surrounded. At last, on April 9, Lee surrendered in a farmhouse near Appomattox. With Lee's Surrender, the war was over.
On the evening of April 14, 1865, President Lincoln and his wife went to see a play at Ford's Theatre in Washington, DC. During the play, John Wilkes Booth an actor and a southerner, shot the President. Lincoln died the next morning.
President Lincoln had planned for a period of reconstruction after the war. He had thought it necessary to restore good relations between the North and the South.
People admire Lincoln for political moderation. They admire him because he tried to preserve the nation. He is a symbol of American democracy